Canada’s immigration backlog narrows slightly to 2.6 million


Posted September 22, 2022 8:00 a.m. EDT


Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) reports a decrease in its inventory as of August 31.

An IRCC spokesperson sent CIC News inventory data suggesting the backlog was reduced by 95,204 people in the space of six weeks.

Inventory across all lines of business has evolved as follows since last July:

IRCC recently released a new web page tracking the inventory. According to this webpage, there were 2.4 million in IRCC’s inventory as of July 31. Of these, 1.1 million were within service standards and 1.3 million were pending.

CIC News contacted IRCC to inquire about the apparent discrepancy between the data from the media service and the data published on the government website. This article will be updated if an explanation is obtained.

Find out if you qualify for Canadian immigration

Immigration category People as of August 31, 2022
Permanent residence 513 923
Temporary residence 1,698,284
Citizenship 371,620
Final sum 2,583,827

The citizenship inventory amounts to 371,620 candidates on September 1, against 444,792 on July 15.

The permanent residence the inventory stood at 513,923 people as of August 31, compared to 514,116 as of July 17.

Also on August 31, the inventory of temporary residences stood at 1,698,284 people, compared to 1,720,123 people on July 17.

Consequently, there have been reductions in all three major groups.

Express Entry and PNP inventories

A total of 40,180 Express Entry candidates are waiting in the queue, a reduction from the previous month when there were 51,616 people in inventory.

IRCC continued to organize rounds of invitations for Express Entry candidates from all programs. Between September 21, 2021 and July 6, 2022, IRCC did not invite Provincial Nominee Program candidates (PNP) to apply for immigration. Under the PCP, some programs (Enhanced PCP) are run through the Express Entry system, while others (Basic PCP) are run through the provinces’ own systems.

PNPs managed by Express Entry saw their inventory shrink, but basic PNPs fell from 35,599 in July to 41,832 in August.

Family class inventory continues its upward trend

The inventory of all family class immigration programs is at 125,746, compared to July when it was 118,251.

The Spouses and partners program has the second largest inventory of all immigration programs at 61,073. Privately sponsored refugees have the largest inventory at 68,123.

The Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) has 53,029 people awaiting a decision, compared to 47,025 in July.

IRCC’s efforts to reduce the backlog

On Aug. 29, Fraser outlined how Canada is working to address the backlog and improve the immigration system by hiring up to 1,250 new staff by late fall, modernizing operations IRCC, introducing application status trackers and publishing monthly data on the IRCC website

Inventory in tables

The following tables provide more details on IRCC’s inventory.

Permanent Residence Inventory

Class of permanent residence Persons as of August 31
Economy class 206,688
Family class 125,746
Humanitarian and compassionate 29,224
Class of license holders 16
Category of protected persons 152,249
Total 513 923

Economy class inventory

Immigration category Persons as of August 31
Agrifood pilot program 866
Atlantic Immigration Pilot Programs 1,528
Atlantic Immigration Program 210
Canadian Experience Class (EE) 5,214
Canadian Experience Class (without EE) 118
Child care program 29 179
Federal investor 4
Federal self-employed 4,022
Federal Skilled Workers (C-50) 120
Federal Skilled Workers (EE) 11,669
Federal Skilled Workers (before C-50) 23
Program for high medical needs 4
Live-in Caregiver Program 832
Provincial/Territorial (EE) Nominees 22,998
Provincial/territorial nominees (no EE) 41,832
Quebec entrepreneur 259
Quebec investor 10,727
Quebec self-employed workers 82
Quebec Skilled Workers 23,559
Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Project 1,103
Skilled Trades (EE) 299
Skilled trades (no EE) 5
start-up business 1,314
TR to PR 50,721
Total 206,688

Express Entry Inventory

Immigration program Persons as of August 31
Federal Skilled Workers (EE) 11,669
Canadian Experience Class (EE) 5,214
Skilled Trades (EE) 299
Provincial/Territorial (EE) Nominees 22,998
Total 40 180

Family Class Inventory

Immigration program Persons as of August 31
Children and other family categories 8,880
FCH-Family Relations – H&C 2,764
Parents and grandparents 53,029
Spouses and partners 61,073
Total 125,746

Humanitarian and Compassionate Class Inventory

Immigration program Persons as of August 31
Class HC & PH-ADM Dependent Person Abroad 8,880
Humanitarian and compassionate 2,764
Humanitarian and compassionate in the face of risk or discrimination 53,029
Public policy with RAP 61,073
Public policy without PAR 4,385
Total 29,224

Licensee Class Inventory

Immigration Program Persons as of August 31
Class of license holders 16
Total 16

Inventory of protected persons

Immigration program Persons as of August 31
Recommended by a mixed visa office 148
Dependents Abroad of Protected Persons 26,919
Federally Sponsored Refugees 32,365
Privately Sponsored Refugees 68 128
Protected persons admitted to Canada 23,572
Refugees supported by the Government of Quebec 1,117
Total 152,249

Inventory of temporary residences

type of request Persons as of August 31
Study permit 152 147
Extension of study permits 23,896
Temporary resident visas 896 772
Visitor register 96,598
Working license 359,247
Extension of work permits 169,624
Total 1,698,284

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